As a result of the production becoming more professional for businesses, different forms of production have emerged. One of these forms of manufacturing is the method called discrete manufacturing. The simplest answer to the question of what is discrete manufacturing is to combine the materials used during production and to separate them if needed. The discrete manufacturing method is one of the factors that play a major role in the German economy today. Discrete manufacturing method is used in large industrial productions, automotive productions and many industrial productions. It is seen that when this production form, which is at the top of the production activities, is compared with other production forms, products with a better quality are made. One of the goals of the majority of countries that want to develop and industrialize is to increase the discrete manufacturing.
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The question “What is discrete manufacturing?” has a fairly simple answer. The production method in which the products used during production can be separated and returned to their original form is called discrete manufacturing. In this method, different parts come together to form a whole. Even after many years, it is possible to dismantle this product and return it to its original form. Different items such as engine, bonnet, glass and transmission are mounted on a belt and the car is brought to the body. If this car is desired, it can be removed by re-inserting the parts that are added after many years. In other words, with this tool being reinstated, parts such as engine, bonnet, glass and gearbox are recovered. This production model is called discrete manufacturing.
Discrete Manufacturing Process Flow
One of the biggest benefits of discrete manufacturing to businesses is that it enables process flow and flow control. The process flow is the work that needs to be done in order to reach a specified goal. Productivity increases to higher levels thanks to the process flow.
Let us use the car example once again, the target is to combine the necessary parts and turn the car into its final form. In order to join these parts, instead of the people doing the work, the vehicle comes in front of them through a band. Each employee ensures that the vehicle moves towards the next stage by doing its duty to reach the target when the vehicle comes in front of itself. This is also a useful method for obtaining higher productivity from employees. Because in this method, it is clear what everyone will do and there is no confusion of duties.
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Discrete vs. process manufacturing
Another production method such as discrete manufacturing is process manufacturing. As it is asked what is discrete manufacturing, it is possible to come to mind a question about what is process manufacturing. Process manufacturing differs from the discrete manufacturing method in several ways. While it is possible to separate the parts that combine the final product in discrete manufacturing later, it is the opposite in process manufacturing. In other words, it is impossible to return a material used for production to its original state in process manufacturing. Jam production example can be given for this method. In order for an orange to become jam, it needs to be peeled, sliced, boiled in water and added sugar. However, to separate the sugar powder and to restore the orange to its original state is not possible to reverse this process.
Another issue where discrete manufacturing and process manufacturing are separated is the flow form. The employees working in discrete manufacturing are stationary and the product to be produced is in motion. In process manufacturing, the production manufacturing is carried out at a fixed point and the necessary materials are sent to that point. If it is necessary to go through the sample of jam again, the boiler where the jam is made is fixed. Other materials that need to be added to the boiler are brought to the location of the boiler and added.